The Cushion Cut, also known as the pillow cut, is a timeless and versatile gem cut with rounded corners and a square or rectangular shape. This cut combines facets that enhance brilliance with a slightly softened appearance, making it an attractive choice for various gemstones. Here’s a detailed description:
The Cushion Cut is characterized by its square or rectangular shape with rounded corners, resembling a cushion or pillow. It is a cut that exudes vintage charm while still offering a remarkable play of light and color.
1. Shape: The Cushion Cut has a square or rectangular outline with gently rounded corners. There are variations within this cut, with some cushions leaning more toward square proportions and others being more elongated.
2. Facets: The crown of the Cushion Cut includes a table (top surface), a series of larger facets that resemble rectangles, and smaller facets known as “pavilion main facets.” These facets work together to create a balance of brilliance and fire.
3. Crown: The crown of the Cushion Cut consists of a table, larger facets, and bezel facets. These facets capture and reflect light, contributing to the gem’s sparkle.
4. Pavilion: The pavilion of the Cushion Cut includes pavilion main facets and smaller facets that mirror those on the crown. These facets play a role in maximizing the gem’s light performance.
5. Girdle: The girdle is the outer edge of the gemstone, separating the crown from the pavilion. It can be polished, faceted, or left unpolished, contributing to the overall appearance of the gem.
* The cut’s facets contribute to a play of light, offering both brilliance and fire.
* The Cushion Cut’s larger facets can sometimes make inclusions more visible compared to other cuts with smaller, more numerous facets. * The degree of “pillowiness” and faceting can vary, so preferences for brilliance, chunkier facets, or softer appearances should be taken into account.