The Albian is a geological stage of the Early Cretaceous period. It spans from 113 million years ago to around 100.5 million years ago. The name “Albian” is derived from Alba, the Latin word for “white,” referencing the chalky white cliffs of Dover in England, which are characteristic of this stage.
During the Albian stage, the Earth’s climate was generally warm and stable, and sea levels were relatively high. This led to the expansion of shallow seas across many regions. The Albian is known for the deposition of marine sediments rich in fossils, including ammonites, bivalves, and foraminifera. It was a time of diversification for many marine organisms.
Many new species of dinosaurs appeared during this time, including various types of theropods, sauropods, and ornithopods. The Albian is an important period for understanding the evolution and distribution of these prehistoric creatures.